Thoracic surgery is the practice of medicine directed toward the surgical treatment of diseases of the chest, including:
- Lung cancer
- Benign and infectious problems of the lung or pleura
- Tracheal/bronchial tumors
- Chest wall growths such as mesothelioma
- Lymph node diagnosis in conditions such as sarcoid, lymphoma, interstitial lung disease, emphysema, esophageal swallowing problems, esophageal cancer and gastroesophageal reflux
The word thoracic is the adjective form of the noun "thorax," which refers to the area of the human body located between the neck and abdomen.
Mid-Atlantic Cardiothoracic Surgeons has the largest thoracic program in the region. Year after year we have exceeded The Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) benchmarks.
With the recent approval of Medicare, we are uniquely positioned to provide lung cancer screening. Call 855-327-5939 for more information.
Mid-Atlantic Cardiothoracic Surgeons perform a variety of minimally invasive or less invasive procedures for conditions of the lung and chest wall. Compared to surgery performed through a long, open-chest incision, minimally invasive or less invasive lung surgery provides several important benefits for patients, which include:
- Faster recovery and return to normal activities
- Shorter hospital stay
- Less pain
- Little scarring
- Minimal blood loss
- No cutting of the ribs or breastbone (sternum)
- Possible improved cure rates for cancer
Surgeries for thoracic/lung include (many are performed using non-invasive techniques):
- Wedge Resection — the surgical removal of a small portion of a lobe. This portion is often used to diagnose a small peripheral lesion of uncertain etiology along with a small margin of surrounding normal tissue.
- Segmentectomy — a surgical procedure to remove a portion of the lobe of the lung.Segmentectomy
- Lobectomy — the surgical removal of one of the body's five lobes.
- Pneumonectomy — the surgical removal of the entire lung.
- Bronchoscopy — procedure where the surgeon uses a lighted, small, flexible tube to visulize the inner air passages in search of abnormalities or to perform certain procedures.
- Mediastinoscopy — procedure where the surgeon creates a short neck incision to access the mediastinum by use of a scope behind the breast bone.
- Thymectomy — surgical removal of the thymus gland. It may be performed for a growth or to treat myasthenia gravis.
- Decortication — surgical removal of the surface layer, membrane, or fibrous cover of the lung when it is restricting lung expansion.
- Sleeve (high complexity) Resection — surgical procedure that removes a cancerous lobe of the lung along with part of the bronchus (air passage) that attaches to it.
- Video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) — type of thoracic surgery performed using a small video camera that is introduced into the patient's chest via a scope. The surgeon is able to view the instruments that are being used along with the anatomy on which the surgeon is operating.
- CyberKnife® Stereotactic Radiosurgery — is a computer-controlled radiosurgery system that delivers radiation to tumors in the brain, spine and anywhere in the body with sub-millimeter accuracy, while avoiding damage to surrounding healthy tissue.
- Endoscopic Bronchial Ultrasound (EBUS) — is offering patients a less invasive alternative for evaluating the airways and diagnosing lung and lymph node tumors using ultrasound technology.
- Navigational Bronchoscopy (ENB) — allows your physician to evaluate your lungs and navigate through small airway passages. This is helpful for diagnosing or treating a lung nodule that is in an area of a lung that would make traditional procedures, such as bronchoscopy or surgery, too risky.
- Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) — is a procedure that uses waves of heat energy to destroy cancerous tissue. The procedure is a promising alternative to the surgical removal of lung and esophageal tumors.